Introduction to Linux




This class teaches students the basic concepts that they should understand before they start trying to work with Linux. Topics Covered What is Linux Distributions Open Source Licensing Shells Significance of ROOT Importance of Capitalization Server vs. Desktop versions What Linux is best at Class Notes Introduction Linux was created by Linus Torvalds between 1991 and 1994 Linux is not a version of Unix Distributions Once Linux was released to the public numerous institutions created their own versions of the operating system. These different versions are called Distributions, or Distros. Different Distros have different functionality. Open Source software is not necessarily free software Make sure you understand the licensing requirements for your Open Source software before you release it into a Production Environment. Defining The Shell The Shell is the interface you use to interact with the Operating System. Windows uses a GUI (Graphical User Interface) Shell, Linux primarily uses a LUI (Line User Interface) ROOT ROOT is the highest level of anything in the Linux world. ROOT user is the highest level user. The ROOT directory s the highest level directory. Capitalization matters in Linux (HOME is different then home) Server vs. Desktop Versions Server versions of Linux install the bare minimum number of

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