Sound and music File Formats

Lossless audio

  • Uncompressed
    • AIFF – Audio Interchange File Format
    • AU
    • BWF – Broadcast Wave Format (BWF), an extension of WAVE
    • CDDA
    • IFF-8SVX
    • IFF-16SV
    • RAW – raw samples without any header or sync
    • WAV – Microsoft Wave
  • Compressed
    • FLAC – (free lossless codec of the Ogg project)
    • LA – Lossless Audio (.la)
    • PAC – LPAC (.pac)
    • M4A – Apple Lossless (M4A)
    • APE – Monkey’s Audio (APE)
    • OptimFROG
    • RKA – RKAU (.rka)
    • SHN – Shorten (SHN)
    • TTA – free lossless audio codec (True Audio)
    • WV – WavPack (.wv)
    • WMA – Windows Media Audio 9 Lossless (WMA)
    • BRSTM – Binary Revolution Stream (.brstm) [2]
    • AST – Audio Stream (.ast) [3]

[edit]Lossy audio

  • AMR – for GSM and UMTS based mobile phones
  • MP2 – MPEG Layer 2
  • MP3 – MPEG Layer 3
  • Speex – Ogg project, specialized for voice, low bitrates
  • GSM – GSM Full Rate, originally developed for use in mobile phones
  • WMA – Windows Media Audio (.WMA)
  • AAC (.m4a, .mp4, .m4p, .aac) – Advanced Audio Coding (usually in an MPEG-4 container)
  • MPC – Musepack
  • VQF – Yamaha TwinVQ
  • RealAudio (RA, RM)
  • OTS – Audio File (similar to MP3, with more data stored in the file and slightly better compression; designed for use with OtsLabs’ OtsAV)
  • SWA – Macromedia Shockwave Audio (Same compression as MP3 with additional header information specific to Macromedia Director
  • VOX – Dialogic ADPCM Low Sample Rate Digitized Voice (VOX)
  • VOC – Creative Labs Soundblaster Creative Voice 8-bit & 16-bit (VOC)
  • DWD – DiamondWare Digitized (DWD)
  • SMP – Turtlebeach SampleVision (SMP)

[edit]Other music

  • AUP – Audacity project file
  • BAND – GarageBand music
  • CUST – DeliPlayer custom sound file format
  • MID – standard MIDI file; most often just notes and controls but occasionally also sample dumps
  • MUS – Finale Notation file, see also Finale (software)
  • SIB – Sibelius Notation file, see also Sibelius (computer program)
  • SID – Sound Interface Device – Commodore 64 instructions to play SID music and sound effects
  • LY – LilyPond Notation file, see also GNU LilyPond
  • GYM – Sega Genesis YM2612 log
  • VGM – stands for “Video Game Music”, log for several different chips
  • PSF
  • NSF – NES Sound Format, bytecode program to play NES music
  • MOD – Soundtracker and Protracker sample and melody modules
  • PTB – Power Tab Editor tab
  • S3M – Scream Tracker 3 module, with a few more effects and a dedicated volume column
  • XM – Fast Tracker module, adding instrument envelopes
  • IT – Impulse Tracker module, adding compressed samples, note-release actions, and more effects including a resonant filter
  • MT2 – MadTracker 2 module. It could be resumed as being XM and IT combined with more features like track effects and automation.
  • MNG – BGM for the Creatures game series, starting from Creatures 2
  • PSF – Portable Sound Format, PlayStation variant (originally PlayStation Sound Format).
    • minipsf, psflib – Multipart PSF
    • 2sf, dsf, gsf, psf2, qsf, ssf, usf – PSF for other platforms
  • RMJ – RealJukebox Media used for RealPlayer.
  • SPC – Super Nintendo Entertainment System sound file format.
  • NIFF (Notation Interchange File Format)
  • MusicXML
  • TXM – Track ax media
  • YM – Atari ST/Amstrad CPC YM2149 sound chip format
  • JAM – Jam music format
  • ASF – Advanced Systems Format
  • MP1 – for use with UltraPlayer
  • MSCZ – Musescore compressed file
  • MSCZ, – Musescore uncompressed file

[edit]Playlists

  • ASX – Advanced Stream Redirector (.asx)
  • M3U
  • PLS
  • RAM – Real Audio Metafile For RealAudio files only.
  • TXT/No extension – Mplayer playlist
  • XPL – HDi playlist
  • XSPF – the XML Shareable Playlist Format
  • ZPL – Zune Playlist format

[edit]Audio editing, music production

  • ALS – Ableton Live set
  • AUP – Audacity project file
  • BAND – GarageBand project file
  • CEL – Adobe Audition loop file (Cool Edit Loop)
  • CPR – Steinberg Cubase project file
  • CWP – Cakewalk Sonar project file
  • DRM – Steinberg Cubase drum file
  • MMR – MAGIX Music Maker project file
  • NPR – Steinberg Nuendo project file
  • OMFI – Open Media Framework Interchange OMFI succeeds OMF (Open Media Framework)
  • SES – Adobe Audition multitrack session file
  • SFL – Sound Forge sound file
  • SNG – MIDI sequence file (MidiSoft, Korg, etc.) or n-Track Studio project file
  • STF – StudioFactory project file. It contains all necessary patches, samples, tracks and settings to play the file.
  • SND – Akai MPC sound file
  • SYN – SynFactory project file. It contains all necessary patches, samples, tracks and settings to play the file.

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